Kaputa District is located in the North-Western part of the Province. It shares boundaries with the D. R. Congo to the north, Nchelenge to the west, Kawambwa to the south west, Mporokoso to the south, Chiengi to the North West and Nsama to the east. It is 420 km away from the provincial capital, Kasama.
The district can be sub-divided into three distinguished topographical features, viz plateau, the valley basins and wetlands (dambos). The plateau covers a small area in the southern part of the district, and is covered mostly by highly weathered, leached acidic soils and has an altitude ranging between 700 and 900 meters above sea level.
As with the rest of the country, the climate of the district can be divided into two seasons of rainy and dry. The rainy season starts around late October/early November and lasts until end of March/early April giving a growing season of 150-170 days. The dry season can be further subdivided into a cool dry season from May/June to July/August and a hot dry season from August to October. Temperatures in the cool season average between 18° C and 20° C with a minimum of 15° C, while during the hot season temperatures can range between 25° C and 33° C with a maximum of 35° C.
Generally the soils are sandy loams with occasional occurrence of rubble. The strongly leached soils located on uplands and derived from non-basic rocks are the most dominant group consisting mainly Oxisols and Ultisols, and are well drained.
The district also has Cambisol, Fluvisol and Vertisol soils in the valley areas of the district. Gleysol is found mainly in low-lying areas and in depressions (poorly drained soils) influenced by high groundwater such as the swamps suitable for rice production.
The Rhodic Ferrasols, having a somewhat better nutrient status, are considered the best soils for crop production as they respond well to fertiliser applications Most of the soils on the plateau have pH below 4.5, although there are large variations. The fairly low pH allows them to become easily acidic during cultivation and the indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers.
The district is covered with a savannah woodland vegetation type locally called Miombo, Chipya and Mateshi woodlands composed of local forest and customary areas and game management areas. The Miombo (Brachystegia-Julbernardia) woodland extends over the greatest part of the plateau and is dominated by Hyperrhenia and Digitaria species.
Hydrology (Water Resources and Drainage)
The district has numerous rivers namely Mwawe, Mofwe and Choma and dambos suitable of providing irrigation water and has optimum temperature for plant growth throughout the year. These qualities make district suitable for future agricultural expansion.
The described district characteristic has potential for a lot of economic activities; especially farming that has for the recent past, taken over to become the main economic activity in the district.
According to 2010 census of population and housing, Kaputa District has an estimated population of about 86, 367 people.
DISTRICT INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
The main economic activities in the district include Tourism, Agriculture, Salt Mining, fishing and trading.
The major crops grown in the district are cassava, maize and rice. The district has some areas which are fairly suitable for the production of maize, groundnuts, soya beans, sweet potatoes, rice, cotton, sesame, bananas, sugar cane and sunflower as major cash crops. Rice production has also high potential in some wetlands (dambos).
Transport and Communication
Kaputa District is accessible by air and road transport system. The district has one Airstrip near the district administrative centre located at Chocha village, which caters for light aircrafts and helicopters only.
Water Supply and Sanitation
The District is supplied with piped water from Chambeshi water and Sewerage Company and has some boreholes distributed in specific locations in the district.
The District has potential in tourism such as wildlife at Lake Mweru National Park, heritage resources and water bodies such as Lake Mweru Wantipa.
Investment opportunities also exist in salt production in the district. The district inhabits the Chifwilo and Chilambwe salt pan in Kaleulu ward and the Kabwe salt pan in Chipili ward.