Senga Hill District was established on 3rd June 2016 under statutory instrument No. 39 of 2016. The Administrative Centre is located approximately 5Km from Mambwe Mission. Before its establishment the district was under Mbala District.
Senga Hill is located between 30o 53’ – 32o 15’ East of the prime meridian and the latitude of between 8o 23’ – 9o 39’ South of the equator. The total land area of the District stands at 5,338.35 Square Kilometres (533,834.71 ha). The District Administrative Centre is 1067Km from Lusaka the capital city of Zambia and 201 Km from Kasama the provincial capital of Northern Province
Senga Hill district shares boundaries with Mbala in the North, Nakonde in the East, Mungwi to the South, Kasama in the South, Lunte in the Southwest and Mpulungu in the Northwest and shares International boundary with the Republic of Tanzania in the north east of the district.
Senga Hill District has one constituency namely Senga Hill, Nine (9) wards and three (3) Chiefs.
Climate and Soils
The area is mostly covered by the Southern tropics sphere with an average height of 1500m above sea level. The plateau climate is almost Mediterranean in nature. The area receives an annual rainfall of approximately 1,240mm. The rain season normally lasts from November-April. The district has huge tracks of undeveloped land with potential for farm block development.
According to 2010 census of population and housing, Senga district has a population of
92,391 with an annual growth rate of 3.1.
Socio Economic Infrastructure
Electricity: The district is not connected to the nation electricity grid
Hospital: The district has a mini hospital with fully fledged equipment.
Education: The district has 6 Secondary Schools and 59 Primary School.
Water Supply: Senga hill district is not connected to piped water system but depends on boreholes and open wells
Communication: Senga hill district is connected to all the three mobile service providers namely MTN, Airtel and Zamtel
District Investment and Trade
- Agriculture: The district has potential in agriculture and the main crops grown are maize and beans.
- Financial sector: The district has no registered commercial back.
- Shopping facilities: Senga hill district has no commercial shops or malls but only small shops that are owned by local people within the local centres of selling points
- Trade: The main products of export from the district are beans and maize.
- Primary resources: In Senga Hill District the primary resource is agriculture and the main crops are maize, beans, groundnuts and millet.
- Agro–industry: The district has no major companies involved in Agro-processing
- Tourism: The district has great potential in Game ranching and tourism